To explore the question of whether Tg Jon might function as background to NT texts I compare Tg Jon and the gospel according to Matthew. I restrict this research to agricultural imagery, because the Targum is famous for its explanation of metaphors and similes, and because much imagery in Matthew has an agricultural background. It appears that in some cases it is interesting and helpful to consult the Targumic version of the Hebrew Bible. Targumic explanation of imagery is close to that of Matthew's, although one must be aware of the differences. © Copyright 2014 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2014.