Aiming at a far target under different viewing conditions: Visual control in basketball jump shooting

R.R.D. Oudejans, R.W. van de Langenberg, R.I. Hutter

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    Most research on visual search in aiming at far targets assumes preprogrammed motor control implying that relevant visual information is detected prior to the final shooting or throwing movements. Eye movement data indirectly support this claim for stationary tasks. Using the basketball jump shot as experimental task we investigated whether in dynamic tasks in which the target can be seen until ball release, continuous, instead of preprogrammed, motor control is possible. We tested this with the temporal occlusion paradigm: 10 expert shooters took shots under four viewing conditions, namely, no vision, full vision, early vision (vision occluded during the final ±350 ms before ball release), and late vision (vision occluded until these final ±350 ms). Late-vision shooting appeared to be as good as shooting with full vision while early-vision performance was severely impaired. The results imply that the final shooting movements were controlled by continuous detection and use of visual information until ball release. The data further suggest that visual and movement control of aiming at a far target develop in close correspondence with the style of execution. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)457-480
    JournalHuman Movement Science
    Publication statusPublished - 2002


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