Alexander ‘Lippy’ William Lipmann Kessel, from ‘Surgeon at Arms’ to ‘Surgeon of Arms’

Matthijs P. Somford*, Michel P.J. van den Bekerom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Alexander William Lipmann Kessel (1914–1986) was as surgeon connected to the 16th Parachute Field Ambulance Royal Army Medical Corps and as such he was dropped in The Netherlands in September 1944 to care for the wounded during the battle for the Rhine bridge at Arnhem. His military and post military career were inspirational and led to preservation of lives during the war and progress in orthopaedic surgery after the war. In this paper, we discuss his biography and the contributions he made to orthopaedic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
JournalShoulder and Elbow
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Battle Of Arnhem
  • eponymous terms
  • Kessel approach shoulder
  • Kessel shoulder arthroplasty
  • Lipmann Kessel


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