An alternative model for silica enrichment in the Kaapvaal subcontinental lithospheric mantle

L.J. Wasch, F. van der Zwan, O. Nebel, M.L.A. Morel, E.W.G. Hellebrand, D.G. Pearson, G.R. Davies

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    The Mg- and Si-rich nature of the sub-cratonic lithospheric mantle (SCLM) beneath the Kaapvaal Craton indicates extensive melt depletion, followed by a Si-enrichment process. Six highly silica enriched peridotites from Kimberley containing high amounts of orthopyroxene (Opx) or garnet (Grt) that are locally concentrated in clots, were investigated to constrain the timing and nature of the Si-enrichment process. A clinopyroxene-bearing lherzolite containing an Opx-clot was studied to quantify the effects of recent metasomatism on the Si-enriched samples. Minerals from the lherzolite, together with Opx from harzburgites and Opx- and Grt-clots have Hf-Nd isotope ratios at the time of kimberlite eruption, 90 Ma, comparable to group I kimberlites and are close to trace element equilibrium with kimberlitic melts. This implies the xenoliths underwent major interaction with kimberlitic melts close to the time of kimberlite eruption. Harzburgites and mineral clots record equilibration pressures and temperatures of, respectively, between 3.5-4.3 GPa and 930-1060 °C. The garnets in Opx-clots have low Lu/Hf and ε
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6894-6917
    JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
    Volume73
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Wasch, L. J., van der Zwan, F., Nebel, O., Morel, M. L. A., Hellebrand, E. W. G., Pearson, D. G., & Davies, G. R. (2009). An alternative model for silica enrichment in the Kaapvaal subcontinental lithospheric mantle. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, 6894-6917. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2009.07.038