An Ambient Agent Model for Monitoring and Analysing Dynamics of Complex Human Behaviour

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Abstract

In ambient intelligent systems, monitoring of a human could consist of more complex tasks than merely identifying whether a certain value of a sensor is above a certain threshold. Instead, such tasks may involve monitoring of complex dynamic interactions between human and environment. In order to enable such more complex types of monitoring, this paper presents a generic agent-based framework. The framework consists of support on various levels of system design, namely: (1) the top level, including the interaction between agents, (2) the agent level, providing support on the design of individual agents, and (3) the level of monitoring complex dynamic behaviour, allowing the specification of the aforementioned complex monitoring properties within the agents. The approach is exemplified by a large case study concerning the assessment of driving behaviour, and is applied to two smaller cases as well (concerning fall detection of elderly, and assistance of naval operations, respectively), which are briefly described. These case studies have illustrated that the presented framework enables developers within ambient intelligence to build systems with more expressiveness regarding their monitoring focus. Moreover, they have shown that the framework is easy to use and applicable in a wide variety of domains. © 2011 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.
LanguageEnglish
Pages283-303
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments
Volume3
Issue number4
Early online date13 Dec 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Monitoring
Intelligent systems
Systems analysis
Specifications
Sensors

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title = "An Ambient Agent Model for Monitoring and Analysing Dynamics of Complex Human Behaviour",
abstract = "In ambient intelligent systems, monitoring of a human could consist of more complex tasks than merely identifying whether a certain value of a sensor is above a certain threshold. Instead, such tasks may involve monitoring of complex dynamic interactions between human and environment. In order to enable such more complex types of monitoring, this paper presents a generic agent-based framework. The framework consists of support on various levels of system design, namely: (1) the top level, including the interaction between agents, (2) the agent level, providing support on the design of individual agents, and (3) the level of monitoring complex dynamic behaviour, allowing the specification of the aforementioned complex monitoring properties within the agents. The approach is exemplified by a large case study concerning the assessment of driving behaviour, and is applied to two smaller cases as well (concerning fall detection of elderly, and assistance of naval operations, respectively), which are briefly described. These case studies have illustrated that the presented framework enables developers within ambient intelligence to build systems with more expressiveness regarding their monitoring focus. Moreover, they have shown that the framework is easy to use and applicable in a wide variety of domains. {\circledC} 2011 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.",
author = "T. Bosse and M. Hoogendoorn and M.C.A. Klein and J. Treur",
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AB - In ambient intelligent systems, monitoring of a human could consist of more complex tasks than merely identifying whether a certain value of a sensor is above a certain threshold. Instead, such tasks may involve monitoring of complex dynamic interactions between human and environment. In order to enable such more complex types of monitoring, this paper presents a generic agent-based framework. The framework consists of support on various levels of system design, namely: (1) the top level, including the interaction between agents, (2) the agent level, providing support on the design of individual agents, and (3) the level of monitoring complex dynamic behaviour, allowing the specification of the aforementioned complex monitoring properties within the agents. The approach is exemplified by a large case study concerning the assessment of driving behaviour, and is applied to two smaller cases as well (concerning fall detection of elderly, and assistance of naval operations, respectively), which are briefly described. These case studies have illustrated that the presented framework enables developers within ambient intelligence to build systems with more expressiveness regarding their monitoring focus. Moreover, they have shown that the framework is easy to use and applicable in a wide variety of domains. © 2011 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

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