An assessment of best practices of extreme weather insurance and directions for a more resilient society

P.G.M.B. Hudson, L.T. de Ruig, M.C. de Ruiter, O.J. Kuik, W.J.W. Botzen, Xavier Le Den, Matilda Persson, Audrey Benoist, Christian Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Extreme weather resilience has been defined as being based on three pillars: resistance (the ability to lower impacts), recovery (the ability to bounce back), and adaptive capacity (the ability to learn and improve). These resilience pillars are important both before and after the occurrence of extreme weather events. Extreme weather insurance can influence these pillars of resilience depending on how particular insurance mechanisms are structured. We explore how the lessons learnt from the current best insurance practices can improve resilience to extreme weather events. We employ an extensive inventory of private property and agricultural crop insurance mechanisms to conduct a multi-criteria analysis of insurance market outcomes. We draw conclusions regarding the patterns in the best practice from six European countries to increase resilience. We suggest that requirements to buy a bundle extreme weather event insurance with general insurance packages are strengthened and supported with structures to financing losses through public-private partnerships. Moreover, support for low income households through income vouchers could be provided. Similarly, for the agricultural sector we propose moving towards comprehensive crop yield insurance linked to general agricultural subsidies. In both cases a nationally representative body can coordinate the various stakeholders into acting in concert.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-321
Number of pages21
JournalEnvironmental Hazards
Issue number3
Early online date22 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Climate change adaptation
  • Extreme weather
  • Insurance
  • Resilience
  • Risk management


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