An ERP source imaging study of the oddball task in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

T.W.P. Janssen, K. Geladé, R. van Mourik, A. Maras, J. Oosterlaan

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Children with ADHD have difficulties attending to task-relevant events, which has been consistently associated with reductions in the amplitude of the P3b event-related potential (ERP) component. However, the underlying neural networks involved in this P3b reduction remain elusive. Therefore, this study explored source localization of P3b alterations in children with ADHD, aiming at a more detailed account of attentional difficulties. Methods: Dense array ERPs were obtained for 36 children with ADHD and 49 typically developing children (TD) using an auditory oddball task. The P3b component (310-410 ms) was individually localized with the LAURA distributed linear inverse solution method and compared between groups. Results: The ADHD group showed reduced P3b amplitudes in response to targets compared to the TD group. Differences were located primarily in frontopolar (cinguloopercular network, BA10) and temporoparietal regions (ventral attention network, BA39 and 19) in the left hemisphere. Reductions in P3b amplitudes were related to more inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity problems in the ADHD group. Conclusions: The results show alterations in both top-down and bottom-up attention-related brain areas, which may underlie P3b amplitude reductions in children with ADHD. Significance: This study provides novel data on both temporal and spatial aspects of dysfunctional attention processes in ADHD.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Nov 2015

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