An exploratory analysis of the dutch pharmaceutical supply chain

Research output: Book / ReportReportProfessional


The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic challenged the Dutch pharmaceutical supply chain (PSC) and required tremendous creativity and effort from PSC partners to guarantee the availability of drugs in the Netherlands and, consequently, Dutch patients’ well-being. At the same time, the COVID-19 pandemic exposed and compounded existing issues and vulnerabilities in the Dutch PSC. This report presents an exploratory analysis of the structure of the Dutch PSC. Insights were gathered from the literature and a series of interviews were conducted with key PSC actors in the Netherlands. We identify the current challenges and solutions provided by different supply chain actors and extract
and analyze dependencies and vulnerabilities that could compromise its efficiency and robustness. The main results indicate that the Dutch PSC is part of
various international PSCs. Therefore, it is exposed to several demand and supply characteristics and vulnerabilities that also affect other countries. Simultaneously, the regulation and specific organization of the Dutch pharmaceutical sector has
a significant impact on national supply and demand dynamics and how the Dutch PSC can be managed. This report wants to shed light on these issues and provide guidelines to further improve the PSC’s performance.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBreda
PublisherTKI Dinalog
Number of pages47
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note


  • Pharmaceutical supply chain
  • shortages
  • incentives
  • vulnerability
  • drug availability


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