An integrated approach for failure mitigation & localization in power systems

Chen Liang, Linqi Guo, Alessandro Zocca, Shuyue Yu, Steven H. Low, Adam Wierman

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The transmission grid is often comprised of several control areas that are connected by multiple tie lines in a mesh structure for reliability. It is also well-known that line failures can propagate non-locally and redundancy can exacerbate cascading. In this paper, we propose an integrated approach to grid reliability that (i) judiciously switches off a small number of tie lines so that the control areas are connected in a tree structure; and (ii) leverages a unified frequency control paradigm to provide congestion management in real time. Even though the proposed topology reduces redundancy, the integration of tree structure at regional level and real-time congestion management can provide stronger guarantees on failure localization and mitigation. We illustrate our approach on the IEEE 39-bus network and evaluate its performance on the IEEE 118-bus, 179-bus, 200-bus and 240-bus networks with various network congestion conditions. Simulations show that, compared with the traditional approach, our approach not only prevents load shedding in more failure scenarios, but also incurs smaller amounts of load loss in scenarios where load shedding is inevitable. Moreover, generators under our approach adjust their operations more actively and efficiently in a local manner.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106613
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
Early online date8 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Accepted to the 21st Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC 2020)


This work has been supported by Resnick Fellowship, Linde Institute Research Award, NWO Rubicon grant 680.50.1529, NSF through awards ECCS 1619352 , CNS 1545096 , CCF 1637598 , ECCS 1739355 , CNS 1518941 , CPS 154471 , ARPA-E through award DE-AR0000699 (NODES), and DTRA through award HDTRA 1-15-1-0003 .

FundersFunder number
National Science Foundation1739355, 1518941, CNS 1545096, ECCS 1739355, CNS 1518941, CPS 154471, 1545096, CCF 1637598, ECCS 1619352
Advanced Research Projects Agency - EnergyDE-AR0000699, HDTRA 1-15-1-0003
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek680.50.1529


    • Cascading failure
    • Failure mitigation
    • Frequency control
    • Power system reliability
    • Topology design


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