Analysing and simulating urban density: Exploring the difference between policy ambitions and actual trends in the Netherlands

E. Koomen, J.E.C. Dekkers, D. Broitman

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

Abstract

This chapter explores the potential of geospatial analysis to characterize land use dynamics in urban areas and the surrounding urban fringe. It focuses on the difference between policy ambitions and reality with respect to urban densification. Policy ambitions for the containment of urban development are ambitious in the Netherlands, as is evident from the many local objectives to concentrate residential development within existing urban areas. These ambitions are formulated as target shares of the total net increase in housing stock that should be realized within designated urban area boundaries. Following a GIS-based analysis of local changes in housing stock between 2000 and 2008, we are able to describe actual intensification shares and residential densities in newly-developed urban areas. We observe that, especially in the already densely-populated western part of the country, the realized urban intensification shares are below the specified policy goals/ambition levels. Using these observations along with scenario-based projections of the regional increases in housing stock, we are able to determine the demand for new urban land in 2020. Using a land use simulation model, we simulate the urban development processes until 2020 according to two scenarios and two policy alternatives. In the first policy alternative, growth in the number of house units is based upon policy ambitions, while in the second scenario growth is based upon observed trends over the past decade. The results show that current policy ambitions related to urban intensification levels will greatly help in containing the substantial urban growth that is projected in the case of a high economic and population growth scenario. If urban development follows past trends, unabated, thus demonstrating relatively low urban intensification shares, large-scale urban extensions are likely to occur.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpatial Analysis and Location Modeling in Urban and Regional Systems
EditorsJ.C. Thill
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer
Pages145-171
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9783642378966
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Publication series

NameAdvances in Geographic Information Science Series
PublisherSpringer
ISSN (Electronic)1867-2442

Fingerprint

urban area
urban development
land use
residential development
urban growth
containment
policy
trend
economic growth
population growth
GIS
simulation
analysis

Cite this

Koomen, E., Dekkers, J. E. C., & Broitman, D. (2018). Analysing and simulating urban density: Exploring the difference between policy ambitions and actual trends in the Netherlands. In J. C. Thill (Ed.), Spatial Analysis and Location Modeling in Urban and Regional Systems (pp. 145-171). (Advances in Geographic Information Science Series). Berlin: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-37896-6_7
Koomen, E. ; Dekkers, J.E.C. ; Broitman, D./ Analysing and simulating urban density : Exploring the difference between policy ambitions and actual trends in the Netherlands. Spatial Analysis and Location Modeling in Urban and Regional Systems. editor / J.C. Thill. Berlin : Springer, 2018. pp. 145-171 (Advances in Geographic Information Science Series).
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abstract = "This chapter explores the potential of geospatial analysis to characterize land use dynamics in urban areas and the surrounding urban fringe. It focuses on the difference between policy ambitions and reality with respect to urban densification. Policy ambitions for the containment of urban development are ambitious in the Netherlands, as is evident from the many local objectives to concentrate residential development within existing urban areas. These ambitions are formulated as target shares of the total net increase in housing stock that should be realized within designated urban area boundaries. Following a GIS-based analysis of local changes in housing stock between 2000 and 2008, we are able to describe actual intensification shares and residential densities in newly-developed urban areas. We observe that, especially in the already densely-populated western part of the country, the realized urban intensification shares are below the specified policy goals/ambition levels. Using these observations along with scenario-based projections of the regional increases in housing stock, we are able to determine the demand for new urban land in 2020. Using a land use simulation model, we simulate the urban development processes until 2020 according to two scenarios and two policy alternatives. In the first policy alternative, growth in the number of house units is based upon policy ambitions, while in the second scenario growth is based upon observed trends over the past decade. The results show that current policy ambitions related to urban intensification levels will greatly help in containing the substantial urban growth that is projected in the case of a high economic and population growth scenario. If urban development follows past trends, unabated, thus demonstrating relatively low urban intensification shares, large-scale urban extensions are likely to occur.",
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Koomen, E, Dekkers, JEC & Broitman, D 2018, Analysing and simulating urban density: Exploring the difference between policy ambitions and actual trends in the Netherlands. in JC Thill (ed.), Spatial Analysis and Location Modeling in Urban and Regional Systems. Advances in Geographic Information Science Series, Springer, Berlin, pp. 145-171. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-37896-6_7

Analysing and simulating urban density : Exploring the difference between policy ambitions and actual trends in the Netherlands. / Koomen, E.; Dekkers, J.E.C.; Broitman, D.

Spatial Analysis and Location Modeling in Urban and Regional Systems. ed. / J.C. Thill. Berlin : Springer, 2018. p. 145-171 (Advances in Geographic Information Science Series).

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

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AB - This chapter explores the potential of geospatial analysis to characterize land use dynamics in urban areas and the surrounding urban fringe. It focuses on the difference between policy ambitions and reality with respect to urban densification. Policy ambitions for the containment of urban development are ambitious in the Netherlands, as is evident from the many local objectives to concentrate residential development within existing urban areas. These ambitions are formulated as target shares of the total net increase in housing stock that should be realized within designated urban area boundaries. Following a GIS-based analysis of local changes in housing stock between 2000 and 2008, we are able to describe actual intensification shares and residential densities in newly-developed urban areas. We observe that, especially in the already densely-populated western part of the country, the realized urban intensification shares are below the specified policy goals/ambition levels. Using these observations along with scenario-based projections of the regional increases in housing stock, we are able to determine the demand for new urban land in 2020. Using a land use simulation model, we simulate the urban development processes until 2020 according to two scenarios and two policy alternatives. In the first policy alternative, growth in the number of house units is based upon policy ambitions, while in the second scenario growth is based upon observed trends over the past decade. The results show that current policy ambitions related to urban intensification levels will greatly help in containing the substantial urban growth that is projected in the case of a high economic and population growth scenario. If urban development follows past trends, unabated, thus demonstrating relatively low urban intensification shares, large-scale urban extensions are likely to occur.

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Koomen E, Dekkers JEC, Broitman D. Analysing and simulating urban density: Exploring the difference between policy ambitions and actual trends in the Netherlands. In Thill JC, editor, Spatial Analysis and Location Modeling in Urban and Regional Systems. Berlin: Springer. 2018. p. 145-171. (Advances in Geographic Information Science Series). Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-37896-6_7