Analysis of carbon monoxide absorption at zabs ≃ 2.5 to constrain variation of the proton-to-electron mass ratio

M. Dapra, P. Noterdaeme, M. Vonk, M.T. Murphy, W. Ubachs

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Absorption by carbon monoxide in the spectrum of quasar SDSS J000015.16+004833.2 is investigated in order to derive a constraint on the temporal variation of the proton-to-electron mass ratio, μ. The spectrum was recorded using Very Large Telescope/Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph, and it was partially corrected for long-range wavelength scale distortions using the supercalibration technique. Eight vibrational CO singlet–singlet bands belonging to the A1Π–X1Σ+ electronic absorption system, and the perturbing d3Δ–X1Σ+(5, 0) singlet–triplet band are detected in the damped Lyman α system at zabs ≃ 2.52. The spectra are modelled using a comprehensive fitting technique, resulting in a final value of Δμ/μ = (1.8 ± 2.2stat ± 0.4syst) × 10−5, which is consistent with no variation over a look-back time of ∼11.2 Gyr.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3848-3855
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume467
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2017

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