Anions in pre- and post-blast consumer fireworks by capillary electrophoresis

Carlos Martín-Alberca, Ma Ángeles Fernández de la Ossa, Jorge Sáiz, José Luis Ferrando, Carmen García-Ruiz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Consumer fireworks are a heterogeneous group of pyrotechnic items widely used by citizens around the world. There are a wide number of forensic cases related to consumer fireworks that require knowing their chemical composition and variety of designs to conduct accurate and comprehensive analyses. In this research paper, a selection of six consumer firework types (firecracker, rocket, pyrotechnic fountain, pyrotechnic battery, sparkler, and smoke bomb) is physically described and their anionic compositions are determined. Preblast (fuses and charges) samples and postblast residues of the different consumer fireworks were analyzed by CE in order to determine their anionic composition. Different types of chemical compositions in fuses and pyrotechnic charges were determined, although they were not related to any type of item. Additionally, several discrepancies were found between the analytical results and the declared item compositions. Regarding postblast residues, a huge variety of anions were identified and attributed to some unconsumed starting materials and different chemical reactions occurring during combustion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3272-3280
Number of pages9
Issue number21-22
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Anions
  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Consumer fireworks
  • Forensic analysis
  • Pyrotechnics


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