Anterior cingulate activation during cognitive control relates to academic perfomance in medical students

K. Veroude, J. Jolles, M. Knežević, C.M. Vos, G. Croiset, L. Krabbendam

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

It is believed that academic performance is in part determined by cognitive control, the skill of flexibly guiding behavior. Although previous neuroimaging research has demonstrated that lateral and medial prefrontal cortex, including ACC, are involved during tasks of cognitive control, little is known about the relation between brain mechanisms underlying cognitive control and academic performance in a real-world educational environment. In the current fMRI study, Freshman students from Medical College performed a Go/NoGo task and Stroop task. A positive correlation was observed between average course grades and activation of dorsal ACC during cognitive inhibition on the Stroop task. No significant correlation was found between grades and activation in rostral ACC during emotional inhibition. Grades were not associated with prefrontal activation during motor inhibition or performance monitoring on the Go/NoGo task. These findings suggest that engagement of dorsal ACC for cognitive control can be linked to individual differences in academic achievement. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-106
JournalTrends in Neuroscience and Education
Volume2
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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