Ants farm subterranean aphids mostly in single clone groups - an example of prudent husbandry for carbohydrates and proteins?

Aniek B. F. Ivens, Daniel J. C. Kronauer, I. Pen, F. J. Weissing, J. J. Boomsma

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Evolutionary Biology
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2012


  • Cultivation mutualism
  • Host-symbiont conflict
  • Symbiont competition
  • Monoculture
  • Clonal mixing

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