Are parents' anxiety and depression related to child fussy eating?

Lisanne M. de Barse, Sebastian Cardona Cano, Pauline W. Jansen, Vincent V. W. Jaddoe, Frank C. Verhulst, Oscar H. Franco, Henning Tiemeier, Anne Tharner

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective To examine the association between parental anxiety and depression with child fussy eating-that is, consistent rejection of particular food items. Design This study was embedded in Generation R, a prospective cohort from fetal life onwards in the Netherlands. Setting Population-based. Participants 4746 4-year-old children and their parents. Exposure Parental internalising problems (ie, symptoms of anxiety and depression) were assessed with the Brief Symptoms Inventory during pregnancy and the preschool period (child age 3 years). Main outcome measure The food fussiness scale of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Results Maternal anxiety during pregnancy and during the child's preschool period was related to higher food fussiness sum-scores in children. For instance, per point on the anxiety scale in pregnancy, children had on average a 1.02 higher sum-score (95% CI 0.59 to 1.46) on the food fussiness scale, after adjustment for confounders. Likewise, mothers' depressive symptoms at both time points were associated with fussy eating behaviour in their children (eg, in the antenatal period: per point on the depression scale, children had a 0.91 point higher sum-score on the food fussiness scale, 95% CI 0.49 to 1.33). We found largely similar associations between fathers' internalising problems and children's fussy eating. However, fathers' anxiety during the antenatal period was not related to child fussy eating. Conclusions Maternal and paternal internalising problems were prospectively associated with fussy eating in preschoolers. Healthcare practitioners should be aware that non-clinical symptoms of anxiety and depression in parents are risk factors for child fussy eating.

LanguageEnglish
Pages533-538
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume101
Issue number6
Early online date25 Feb 2016
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016

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Anxiety
Eating
Parents
Depression
Food
Mothers
Feeding Behavior
Preschool Children
Fathers
Pregnancy
Child Behavior
Netherlands
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Delivery of Health Care
Equipment and Supplies
Population

Cite this

de Barse, L. M., Cano, S. C., Jansen, P. W., Jaddoe, V. V. W., Verhulst, F. C., Franco, O. H., ... Tharner, A. (2016). Are parents' anxiety and depression related to child fussy eating? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(6), 533-538. DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-309101
de Barse, Lisanne M. ; Cano, Sebastian Cardona ; Jansen, Pauline W. ; Jaddoe, Vincent V. W. ; Verhulst, Frank C. ; Franco, Oscar H. ; Tiemeier, Henning ; Tharner, Anne. / Are parents' anxiety and depression related to child fussy eating?. In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2016 ; Vol. 101, No. 6. pp. 533-538
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abstract = "Objective To examine the association between parental anxiety and depression with child fussy eating-that is, consistent rejection of particular food items. Design This study was embedded in Generation R, a prospective cohort from fetal life onwards in the Netherlands. Setting Population-based. Participants 4746 4-year-old children and their parents. Exposure Parental internalising problems (ie, symptoms of anxiety and depression) were assessed with the Brief Symptoms Inventory during pregnancy and the preschool period (child age 3 years). Main outcome measure The food fussiness scale of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Results Maternal anxiety during pregnancy and during the child's preschool period was related to higher food fussiness sum-scores in children. For instance, per point on the anxiety scale in pregnancy, children had on average a 1.02 higher sum-score (95{\%} CI 0.59 to 1.46) on the food fussiness scale, after adjustment for confounders. Likewise, mothers' depressive symptoms at both time points were associated with fussy eating behaviour in their children (eg, in the antenatal period: per point on the depression scale, children had a 0.91 point higher sum-score on the food fussiness scale, 95{\%} CI 0.49 to 1.33). We found largely similar associations between fathers' internalising problems and children's fussy eating. However, fathers' anxiety during the antenatal period was not related to child fussy eating. Conclusions Maternal and paternal internalising problems were prospectively associated with fussy eating in preschoolers. Healthcare practitioners should be aware that non-clinical symptoms of anxiety and depression in parents are risk factors for child fussy eating.",
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de Barse, LM, Cano, SC, Jansen, PW, Jaddoe, VVW, Verhulst, FC, Franco, OH, Tiemeier, H & Tharner, A 2016, 'Are parents' anxiety and depression related to child fussy eating?' Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 101, no. 6, pp. 533-538. DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-309101

Are parents' anxiety and depression related to child fussy eating? / de Barse, Lisanne M.; Cano, Sebastian Cardona; Jansen, Pauline W.; Jaddoe, Vincent V. W.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Franco, Oscar H.; Tiemeier, Henning; Tharner, Anne.

In: Archives of Disease in Childhood, Vol. 101, No. 6, 06.2016, p. 533-538.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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de Barse LM, Cano SC, Jansen PW, Jaddoe VVW, Verhulst FC, Franco OH et al. Are parents' anxiety and depression related to child fussy eating? Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2016 Jun;101(6):533-538. Available from, DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-309101