Are physiological and behavioral immune responses negatively correlated? Evidence from hormone-linked differences in men's face preferences

M. Kandrik, A.C. Hahn, C. Fisher, J. Wincenciak, L.M. DeBruine, B.C. Jones

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Behaviors that minimize exposure to sources of pathogens can carry opportunity costs. Consequently, how individuals resolve the tradeoff between the benefits and costs of behavioral immune responses should be sensitive to the extent to which they are vulnerable to infectious diseases. However, although it is a strong prediction of this functional flexibility principle, there is little compelling evidence that individuals with stronger physiological immune responses show weaker behavioral immune responses. Here we show that men with the combination of high testosterone and low cortisol levels, a hormonal profile recently found to be associated with particularly strong physiological immune responses, show weaker preferences for color cues associated with carotenoid pigmentation. Since carotenoid cues are thought to index vulnerability to infectious illnesses, our results are consistent with the functional flexibility principle's prediction that individuals with stronger physiological immune responses show weaker behavioral immune responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalHormones and Behavior
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Funding

This research was funded by European Research Council Grant 282655 (OCMATE), and ESRC + 3 PhD studentship ES/J500136/1.

FundersFunder number
Seventh Framework Programme282655
Economic and Social Research CouncilES/J500136/1
European Research Council

    Keywords

    • Carotenoids
    • Color
    • Cortisol
    • Face processing
    • Immune response
    • Testosterone

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