Association of shoulder problems in persons with spinal cord injury at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation with activities and participation 5 years later

Inge Eriks-Hoogland*, Sonja De Groot, Govert Snoek, Gerold Stucki, Marcel Post, Lucas Van Der Woude

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective To examine whether musculoskeletal shoulder pain and limitations in shoulder range of motion (ROM) at discharge from first rehabilitation are associated with activities and participation restrictions 5 years later in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Eight specialized SCI rehabilitation centers. Participants Subjects (N=138) with an SCI admitted for first rehabilitation. Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures Peak power output (POpeak), Wheelchair Skills Test (WST), FIM motor score, ability to transfer, Physical Activity Scale for Individuals with Physical Disabilities (PASIPD), mobility range and social behavior subscales of the Sickness Impact Profile 68 (SIPSOC), and employment status. Results Mean age of the subjects at discharge was 39 years, 72% were men, 32% had tetraplegia, and in 65% the SCI was motor complete. At discharge, 39% reported shoulder pain and 32% had a limited shoulder ROM. In the analyses of variance, shoulder ROM limitation, but not shoulder pain, was associated with all but 1 outcome at 5 years. In the regression analyses, ROM limitations of the shoulder were negatively associated with the ability to transfer (P=.004), FIM motor scores (P<.001), and return to work (P=.027) 5 years after discharge. No significant associations were found with POpeak, WST performance time, SIPSOC, and PASIPD. Conclusions The presence of limitations in shoulder ROM, but not shoulder pain, at discharge is associated with limitations in activities and employment status 5 years later.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-91
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cohort studies
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Pain
  • Rehabilitation
  • Shoulder
  • Spinal cord injuries

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