Associations of depressive symptoms and history with three a priori diet quality indices in middle-aged and older adults

Liset E.M. Elstgeest, Laura H.H. Winkens, Brenda W.J.H. Penninx, Ingeborg A. Brouwer, Marjolein Visser

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Evidence for the diet-depression link is growing but longitudinal studies on the reverse association are scarce. We investigated associations of (1) current depressive symptoms, (2) short-term changes in and (3) long-term history of depressive symptoms with three a priori diet quality indices. Methods: Data were from participants (≥ 55 years) of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). The Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet (DASH) were derived in 2014/2015. Depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale; CES-D) were assessed in 2014/2015 and at five regular 3-yearly cycles from 2001–2003 to 2015/2016. Associations between three depression determinants and the diet indices were analysed by multivariable linear regression models. Results: Cross-sectionally (n = 1312), current depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 16) were associated with lower MDS (adjusted B = −1.21, 95%CI = −2.41, −0.023) and AHEI (B = −2.72, 95%CI = −5.24, −0.20) scores in men only. Chronic/recurrent depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 16 in both 2011–2013 and 2015/2016) were associated with lower MDS scores (n = 1233; B = −2.22, 95%CI = −3.40, −1.04) and a trend for lower AHEI scores (B = −2.37, 95%CI = −4.92, 0.18), compared to no depressive symptoms (twice CES-D < 16). History of depressive symptoms (ever CES-D ≥ 16 from 2001–2003 to 2011–2013; n = 687) was associated with lower MDS (B = −1.87, 95%CI = −3.47, −0.27) and AHEI (B = −4.33, 95%CI = −7.54, −1.13) scores in men only. No associations were found with the DASH score. Limitations: Single dietary data collection impeded investigation of prospective depression-diet associations. Conclusions: Our study in middle-aged and older adults suggests that current and past depressive symptoms are associated with poorer diet quality, particularly in men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)394-403
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume249
Early online date6 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

History
Depression
Diet
Mediterranean Diet
Longitudinal Studies
Linear Models
Hypertension
Epidemiologic Studies

Keywords

  • AHEI
  • DASH
  • Depression
  • MDS
  • Mediterranean diet
  • Reverse causality

Cite this

@article{857b8a5ec0094e27a9850c8158055dff,
title = "Associations of depressive symptoms and history with three a priori diet quality indices in middle-aged and older adults",
abstract = "Background: Evidence for the diet-depression link is growing but longitudinal studies on the reverse association are scarce. We investigated associations of (1) current depressive symptoms, (2) short-term changes in and (3) long-term history of depressive symptoms with three a priori diet quality indices. Methods: Data were from participants (≥ 55 years) of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). The Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet (DASH) were derived in 2014/2015. Depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale; CES-D) were assessed in 2014/2015 and at five regular 3-yearly cycles from 2001–2003 to 2015/2016. Associations between three depression determinants and the diet indices were analysed by multivariable linear regression models. Results: Cross-sectionally (n = 1312), current depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 16) were associated with lower MDS (adjusted B = −1.21, 95{\%}CI = −2.41, −0.023) and AHEI (B = −2.72, 95{\%}CI = −5.24, −0.20) scores in men only. Chronic/recurrent depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 16 in both 2011–2013 and 2015/2016) were associated with lower MDS scores (n = 1233; B = −2.22, 95{\%}CI = −3.40, −1.04) and a trend for lower AHEI scores (B = −2.37, 95{\%}CI = −4.92, 0.18), compared to no depressive symptoms (twice CES-D < 16). History of depressive symptoms (ever CES-D ≥ 16 from 2001–2003 to 2011–2013; n = 687) was associated with lower MDS (B = −1.87, 95{\%}CI = −3.47, −0.27) and AHEI (B = −4.33, 95{\%}CI = −7.54, −1.13) scores in men only. No associations were found with the DASH score. Limitations: Single dietary data collection impeded investigation of prospective depression-diet associations. Conclusions: Our study in middle-aged and older adults suggests that current and past depressive symptoms are associated with poorer diet quality, particularly in men.",
keywords = "AHEI, DASH, Depression, MDS, Mediterranean diet, Reverse causality",
author = "Elstgeest, {Liset E.M.} and Winkens, {Laura H.H.} and Penninx, {Brenda W.J.H.} and Brouwer, {Ingeborg A.} and Marjolein Visser",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2019.02.004",
language = "English",
volume = "249",
pages = "394--403",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
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publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Associations of depressive symptoms and history with three a priori diet quality indices in middle-aged and older adults. / Elstgeest, Liset E.M.; Winkens, Laura H.H.; Penninx, Brenda W.J.H.; Brouwer, Ingeborg A.; Visser, Marjolein.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 249, 15.04.2019, p. 394-403.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations of depressive symptoms and history with three a priori diet quality indices in middle-aged and older adults

AU - Elstgeest, Liset E.M.

AU - Winkens, Laura H.H.

AU - Penninx, Brenda W.J.H.

AU - Brouwer, Ingeborg A.

AU - Visser, Marjolein

PY - 2019/4/15

Y1 - 2019/4/15

N2 - Background: Evidence for the diet-depression link is growing but longitudinal studies on the reverse association are scarce. We investigated associations of (1) current depressive symptoms, (2) short-term changes in and (3) long-term history of depressive symptoms with three a priori diet quality indices. Methods: Data were from participants (≥ 55 years) of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). The Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet (DASH) were derived in 2014/2015. Depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale; CES-D) were assessed in 2014/2015 and at five regular 3-yearly cycles from 2001–2003 to 2015/2016. Associations between three depression determinants and the diet indices were analysed by multivariable linear regression models. Results: Cross-sectionally (n = 1312), current depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 16) were associated with lower MDS (adjusted B = −1.21, 95%CI = −2.41, −0.023) and AHEI (B = −2.72, 95%CI = −5.24, −0.20) scores in men only. Chronic/recurrent depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 16 in both 2011–2013 and 2015/2016) were associated with lower MDS scores (n = 1233; B = −2.22, 95%CI = −3.40, −1.04) and a trend for lower AHEI scores (B = −2.37, 95%CI = −4.92, 0.18), compared to no depressive symptoms (twice CES-D < 16). History of depressive symptoms (ever CES-D ≥ 16 from 2001–2003 to 2011–2013; n = 687) was associated with lower MDS (B = −1.87, 95%CI = −3.47, −0.27) and AHEI (B = −4.33, 95%CI = −7.54, −1.13) scores in men only. No associations were found with the DASH score. Limitations: Single dietary data collection impeded investigation of prospective depression-diet associations. Conclusions: Our study in middle-aged and older adults suggests that current and past depressive symptoms are associated with poorer diet quality, particularly in men.

AB - Background: Evidence for the diet-depression link is growing but longitudinal studies on the reverse association are scarce. We investigated associations of (1) current depressive symptoms, (2) short-term changes in and (3) long-term history of depressive symptoms with three a priori diet quality indices. Methods: Data were from participants (≥ 55 years) of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). The Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet (DASH) were derived in 2014/2015. Depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale; CES-D) were assessed in 2014/2015 and at five regular 3-yearly cycles from 2001–2003 to 2015/2016. Associations between three depression determinants and the diet indices were analysed by multivariable linear regression models. Results: Cross-sectionally (n = 1312), current depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 16) were associated with lower MDS (adjusted B = −1.21, 95%CI = −2.41, −0.023) and AHEI (B = −2.72, 95%CI = −5.24, −0.20) scores in men only. Chronic/recurrent depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 16 in both 2011–2013 and 2015/2016) were associated with lower MDS scores (n = 1233; B = −2.22, 95%CI = −3.40, −1.04) and a trend for lower AHEI scores (B = −2.37, 95%CI = −4.92, 0.18), compared to no depressive symptoms (twice CES-D < 16). History of depressive symptoms (ever CES-D ≥ 16 from 2001–2003 to 2011–2013; n = 687) was associated with lower MDS (B = −1.87, 95%CI = −3.47, −0.27) and AHEI (B = −4.33, 95%CI = −7.54, −1.13) scores in men only. No associations were found with the DASH score. Limitations: Single dietary data collection impeded investigation of prospective depression-diet associations. Conclusions: Our study in middle-aged and older adults suggests that current and past depressive symptoms are associated with poorer diet quality, particularly in men.

KW - AHEI

KW - DASH

KW - Depression

KW - MDS

KW - Mediterranean diet

KW - Reverse causality

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.02.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.02.004

M3 - Article

VL - 249

SP - 394

EP - 403

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -