Attachment and maternal sensitivity are related to infants' monitoring of animated social interactions

Szilvia Biro*, Lenneke R.A. Alink, Renske Huffmeijer, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H. van Ijzendoorn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Infants have been shown to possess remarkable competencies in social understanding. Little is known, however, about the interplay between the quality of infants' social-emotional experiences with their caregivers and social-cognitive processes in infancy. Method: Using eye-tracking we investigated the relation of infant attachment quality and maternal sensitivity with 12-month-old infants' monitoring patterns during the observation of abstractly depicted interactions of a "parent" and a "baby" figure. Results: We found that secure infants focused their attention on the "parent" figure relative to the "baby" figure more than insecure infants when the two figures got separated. Infants with more sensitive mothers focused their attention more on the ongoing behavior of the "parent" figure after the separation than infants with less sensitive mothers when distress of the "baby" figure was implied by accompanying baby crying sounds. Conclusion: Our findings support the notion that early social-emotional experiences with the caregiver are related to social information processing and that these social information processing patterns might be markers of infants' developing internal working models of attachment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalBrain and Behavior
Volume5
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attachment
  • Eye-tracking
  • Infant
  • Maternal sensitivity
  • Social cognition

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