Attachment in the Early Life Course: Meta-Analytic Evidence for Its Role in Socioemotional Development

Ashley M. Groh*, R. M.Pasco Fearon, Marinus H. van IJzendoorn, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, Glenn I. Roisman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle


After decades of research on early attachment relationships, questions remain concerning whether the evidence supports claims made by attachment theory, in particular, that variation in early attachment predicts children's developmental adaptation or maladaptation, and that characteristics of children's temperament does not determine attachment. To evaluate these claims, we conducted meta-analyses on early attachment and children's social competence with peers, externalizing problems, internalizing symptoms, and temperament. In this article, we summarize our findings, which support attachment theory—though we note caveats. We also call for new measurement models, a focus on mediating and moderating mechanisms, and multisite replications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-76
Number of pages7
JournalChild Development Perspectives
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • attachment
  • child adjustment
  • meta-analysis

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