Attachment in the Indonesian caregiving context

Jolien Zevalkink*, J Marianne Riksen-Walraven, Cornelis F M Van Lieshout

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The quality of the mother-child attachment relationship, the quality of support mothers provide to their children, and characteristics of the caregiving context were examined in 46 Indonesian mother-child dyads. The distribution of attachment patterns, as assessed with the Strange Situation, showed the proportion of children classified as secure and insecure-disorganized to be comparable to the global distribution as reported in two meta-analyses. An over-representation of resistant children was found within the insecure group, which was comparable to the distribution in Japanese samples. The quality of maternal support, measured in two settings, was highest for secure dyads and lowest for insecure-disorganized dyads. Contextual characteristics were not found to differentiate secure from insecure dyads but were found to discriminate between different types of insecure attachment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-40
Number of pages20
JournalSocial Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Attachment
  • Culture
  • Parenting


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