Current theories of conversion disorder (CD) propose that motor symptoms are related to heightened self-monitoring and excessive cognitive control of movements. We tested this hypothesis using quantification of performance on a continuous perceptuo-motor task involving quiet standing. Methods: Twelve CD patients and matched controls maintained static balance on a force platform under various attention conditions: (1) with eyes open; (2) with eyes closed (requiring enhanced attention to proprioceptive information to regulate posture); and (3) while performing an attention demanding cognitive task. Results: Compared to controls, CD patients displayed a greater decrease in postural stability in the 'eyes-closed' versus 'eyes-open' condition. In contrast, cognitive distraction led to a normalization of balance in CD. Moreover, sensitivity to the balance interventions correlated significantly with trauma reports and dissociative symptoms. Conclusion: These results indicate that attention plays a crucial role in postural control in CD. More specifically, patients seem to inadvertently use deliberate control of posture (i.e., cognitive investment) of an otherwise nearly automatized perceptuo-motor task. Attentional distraction resulted in a temporary normalization of balance, which may be used to train individuals with CD to guide their attention in a more effective way.
Stins, J. F., Kempe, C. A., Hagenaars, M. A., Beek, P. J., & Roelofs, K. (2015). Attention and postural control in patients with conversion paresis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78(3), 249-254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.11.009