Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and task-related heart rate variability: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Andreea Robe, Anca Dobrean*, Ioana A. Cristea, Costina R. Păsărelu, Elena Predescu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Research suggests that Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with autonomic nervous system dysregulation, but the findings were mixed. Method: We conducted a literature review and meta-analysis to quantify the effect of ADHD on vagally-mediated heart rate variability (HRV). PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus, were searched for case-control or cohort studies reporting measures of vagally-mediated HRV, after a task demand, among individuals with ADHD relative to healthy subjects. Results: Thirteen articles comprising a total of 869 patients with ADHD and 909 healthy participants were included. As compared to controls, ADHD patients had reduced vagally-mediated HRV, corresponding to a small effect size (Hedge's g = 0.20; CI 95% 0.01 to 0.40). Heterogeneity was high (Q (18) = 76.59, p < 0.001; I² = 77%). There was some evidence of small study effects. Task type, respiration rate assessment and associated comorbid disorders were statistically significant moderators. Conclusions: These findings provide evidence for the associations between ADHD and autonomic dysregulation. Future studies addressing HRV reactivity are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-22
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume99
Early online date24 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Cardiac vagal control
  • Heart rate variability
  • Meta-analysis
  • Vagally-mediated HRV

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