Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disability, and Emotional Functioning: Relatedness and Particular Impact on Challenging Behavior

Tanja Sappok, Paula Sterkenburg, Julia Bohm

Research output: Contribution to JournalMeeting AbstractAcademic

Abstract

Aims: Persons with an intellectual disability (ID) show high rates of challenging behaviour (CB),
especially in cases of co-occurring autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this retrospective
study was to examine the relatedness and impact of ASD, the severity of ID, and the level of
emotional functioning in CB. Methods: The study was conducted at a special outpatient unit
(clinical sample) for adults with ID and comorbid mental or serious behavioural problems
(N = 560). The assessment of ASD, level of ID, and emotional functioning was part of the
regular clinical assessment process. The Scheme of Appraisal of Emotional Development (SAED)
was used to measure emotional development (ED) and the Aberrant Behaviour Checklist (ABC)
for CB. A correlation analysis and the Mann-Whitney test assessed the relatedness of ASD, ID,
and ED (N = 560). A multiple regression analysis was computed to determine the effect of ASD,
the level of ID and of ED on the severity of CB (n = 278). Results: ASD significantly correlated
with the severity of ID (r = .205*) and lower levels of ED (r = -.354*). This decrease occurs
EAMHID ABSTRACT BOOK 173
independently of the level of ID. Multiple regression analysis revealed the level of ED to be the
most important predictor for CB (n = 278; OR = −5.97, 95% CI: −9.81; −2.14). Conclusion: For
persons with ID and ASD, the level of emotional functioning has a substantial effect on the
severity of CB. Thus, the assessment of the level of emotional functioning is essential to provide
adequate care for adults with ID, ASD, and CB.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-174
JournalJournal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume10
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorder
  • challenging behaviour
  • development
  • developmental disorders

Cite this

@article{afacdac44a5b44b2ab6ce7b1e68babcb,
title = "Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disability, and Emotional Functioning: Relatedness and Particular Impact on Challenging Behavior",
abstract = "Aims: Persons with an intellectual disability (ID) show high rates of challenging behaviour (CB),especially in cases of co-occurring autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this retrospectivestudy was to examine the relatedness and impact of ASD, the severity of ID, and the level ofemotional functioning in CB. Methods: The study was conducted at a special outpatient unit(clinical sample) for adults with ID and comorbid mental or serious behavioural problems(N = 560). The assessment of ASD, level of ID, and emotional functioning was part of theregular clinical assessment process. The Scheme of Appraisal of Emotional Development (SAED)was used to measure emotional development (ED) and the Aberrant Behaviour Checklist (ABC)for CB. A correlation analysis and the Mann-Whitney test assessed the relatedness of ASD, ID,and ED (N = 560). A multiple regression analysis was computed to determine the effect of ASD,the level of ID and of ED on the severity of CB (n = 278). Results: ASD significantly correlatedwith the severity of ID (r = .205*) and lower levels of ED (r = -.354*). This decrease occursEAMHID ABSTRACT BOOK 173independently of the level of ID. Multiple regression analysis revealed the level of ED to be themost important predictor for CB (n = 278; OR = −5.97, 95{\%} CI: −9.81; −2.14). Conclusion: Forpersons with ID and ASD, the level of emotional functioning has a substantial effect on theseverity of CB. Thus, the assessment of the level of emotional functioning is essential to provideadequate care for adults with ID, ASD, and CB.",
keywords = "autism spectrum disorder, challenging behaviour, development, developmental disorders",
author = "Tanja Sappok and Paula Sterkenburg and Julia Bohm",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "173--174",
journal = "Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities",
issn = "1931-5864",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "S1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disability, and Emotional Functioning: Relatedness and Particular Impact on Challenging Behavior

AU - Sappok, Tanja

AU - Sterkenburg, Paula

AU - Bohm, Julia

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Aims: Persons with an intellectual disability (ID) show high rates of challenging behaviour (CB),especially in cases of co-occurring autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this retrospectivestudy was to examine the relatedness and impact of ASD, the severity of ID, and the level ofemotional functioning in CB. Methods: The study was conducted at a special outpatient unit(clinical sample) for adults with ID and comorbid mental or serious behavioural problems(N = 560). The assessment of ASD, level of ID, and emotional functioning was part of theregular clinical assessment process. The Scheme of Appraisal of Emotional Development (SAED)was used to measure emotional development (ED) and the Aberrant Behaviour Checklist (ABC)for CB. A correlation analysis and the Mann-Whitney test assessed the relatedness of ASD, ID,and ED (N = 560). A multiple regression analysis was computed to determine the effect of ASD,the level of ID and of ED on the severity of CB (n = 278). Results: ASD significantly correlatedwith the severity of ID (r = .205*) and lower levels of ED (r = -.354*). This decrease occursEAMHID ABSTRACT BOOK 173independently of the level of ID. Multiple regression analysis revealed the level of ED to be themost important predictor for CB (n = 278; OR = −5.97, 95% CI: −9.81; −2.14). Conclusion: Forpersons with ID and ASD, the level of emotional functioning has a substantial effect on theseverity of CB. Thus, the assessment of the level of emotional functioning is essential to provideadequate care for adults with ID, ASD, and CB.

AB - Aims: Persons with an intellectual disability (ID) show high rates of challenging behaviour (CB),especially in cases of co-occurring autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this retrospectivestudy was to examine the relatedness and impact of ASD, the severity of ID, and the level ofemotional functioning in CB. Methods: The study was conducted at a special outpatient unit(clinical sample) for adults with ID and comorbid mental or serious behavioural problems(N = 560). The assessment of ASD, level of ID, and emotional functioning was part of theregular clinical assessment process. The Scheme of Appraisal of Emotional Development (SAED)was used to measure emotional development (ED) and the Aberrant Behaviour Checklist (ABC)for CB. A correlation analysis and the Mann-Whitney test assessed the relatedness of ASD, ID,and ED (N = 560). A multiple regression analysis was computed to determine the effect of ASD,the level of ID and of ED on the severity of CB (n = 278). Results: ASD significantly correlatedwith the severity of ID (r = .205*) and lower levels of ED (r = -.354*). This decrease occursEAMHID ABSTRACT BOOK 173independently of the level of ID. Multiple regression analysis revealed the level of ED to be themost important predictor for CB (n = 278; OR = −5.97, 95% CI: −9.81; −2.14). Conclusion: Forpersons with ID and ASD, the level of emotional functioning has a substantial effect on theseverity of CB. Thus, the assessment of the level of emotional functioning is essential to provideadequate care for adults with ID, ASD, and CB.

KW - autism spectrum disorder

KW - challenging behaviour

KW - development

KW - developmental disorders

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19315864.2017.1368259

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 10

SP - 173

EP - 174

JO - Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities

JF - Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities

SN - 1931-5864

IS - S1

ER -