Automatic emotion recognition for groups: a review

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This review aims to summarize and describe research on the topic of automatic group emotion recognition. In recent years, the topic of emotion analysis of groups or crowds has gained interest, with studies performing emotion detection in different contexts, using different datasets and modalities (such as images, video, audio, social media messages), and taking different approaches. Articles are included after an innovative search method, including Dense Query Extraction and automatic cross-referencing. Discussed are the types of groups and emotion models considered in automatic emotion recognition research, common datasets for all modalities, general approaches taken, and reported performances. These performances are discussed, followed by an analysis of the application possibilities of the discussed methods. To ensure clear, replicable, and comparable studies, we suggest research should test on multiple, common datasets and report on multiple metrics, when possible. Implementation details and code should be made available where possible. An area of interest for future work is to build systems with more real-world application possibilities, coping with changing group sizes, different emotional subgroups, and changing emotions over time, while having a higher robustness and working with datasets with reduced biases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalIEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
Issue number1
Early online date12 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


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