Automatic feature detection in 3D human body scans

Rob Suikerbuik*, Hans Tangelder, Hein Daanen, Aernout Oudenhuijzen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


Human body scanners generate meshes, consisting of over 100,000 points and triangles, defining a human shape model. The underlying anthropometric landmarks are not scanned, but necessary for many applications. In the CAESAR database these anthropometric landmarks have been premarked by attaching small markers to the human body. The positions of these anthropometric landmarks have been extracted semi-automatically and are available as part of the CAESAR data. Attaching markers to humans is time consuming and is therefore often omitted in other surveys. Hence, there is a need for methods for fully automated extraction of landmarks from human body scans. We investigated three fully automatic detection methods for landmark extraction. The first method uses a function that is fitted onto the region around the marker of interest. The second method analyzes the curvature in the area around the marker. The third and last method is template matching, which has been successfully applied in other fields. The sellion and the four malleoli were selected for evaluation. The latter landmarks are important to locate the ankle joint. For the malleoli the template matching method was best (mean deviation 15 ± 3 mm) followed by curvature calculation (15 ± 3 mm) and function fitting (28 ± 10 mm). For all methods the deviation for the sellion was considerable larger. Template matching proves to be the most consistent and furthermore has the potential of being refined.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDigital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Symposium
Publication statusPublished - 2004
EventDigital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Symposium - Rochester, MI, United States
Duration: 15 Jun 200417 Jun 2004


ConferenceDigital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Symposium
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityRochester, MI


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