Awareness Trainings and Detecting Jihadists among Asylum Seekers: A Case Study from the Netherlands

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Dutch frontline professionals who work with asylum seekers receive awareness training to assist them in identifying possible signs of jihadist convictions. During these training sessions, they are provided with a complex, ambiguous, and multi-interpretable advice on how to detect such convictions. Based on interviews with respondents working in the immigration process and with the Dutch intelligence services (AIVD and MIVD), this article discusses how these trainings are translated into practice and to what extent the alerts shared by frontline professionals are relevant in the actual identification of jihadism. It concludes that it is as of yet unknown whether such trainings are useful, effective, and/or efficient. They might even have negative consequences such as over-reporting and stigmatization. It is therefore imperative to perform empirical and evidence-based studies that evaluate the effects of available training and tools.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-49
Number of pages11
JournalPerspectives on Terrorism
Volume11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 4 Sep 2017

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asylum seeker
Netherlands
secret service
stigmatization
immigration
interview
evidence

Keywords

  • asylum
  • jihadism
  • frontline professionals
  • awareness training
  • signs
  • indicators

Cite this

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title = "Awareness Trainings and Detecting Jihadists among Asylum Seekers: A Case Study from the Netherlands",
abstract = "Dutch frontline professionals who work with asylum seekers receive awareness training to assist them in identifying possible signs of jihadist convictions. During these training sessions, they are provided with a complex, ambiguous, and multi-interpretable advice on how to detect such convictions. Based on interviews with respondents working in the immigration process and with the Dutch intelligence services (AIVD and MIVD), this article discusses how these trainings are translated into practice and to what extent the alerts shared by frontline professionals are relevant in the actual identification of jihadism. It concludes that it is as of yet unknown whether such trainings are useful, effective, and/or efficient. They might even have negative consequences such as over-reporting and stigmatization. It is therefore imperative to perform empirical and evidence-based studies that evaluate the effects of available training and tools.",
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Awareness Trainings and Detecting Jihadists among Asylum Seekers: A Case Study from the Netherlands. / van Wijk, J.; Bolhuis, M.P.

In: Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 11, No. 4, 04.09.2017, p. 39-49.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Dutch frontline professionals who work with asylum seekers receive awareness training to assist them in identifying possible signs of jihadist convictions. During these training sessions, they are provided with a complex, ambiguous, and multi-interpretable advice on how to detect such convictions. Based on interviews with respondents working in the immigration process and with the Dutch intelligence services (AIVD and MIVD), this article discusses how these trainings are translated into practice and to what extent the alerts shared by frontline professionals are relevant in the actual identification of jihadism. It concludes that it is as of yet unknown whether such trainings are useful, effective, and/or efficient. They might even have negative consequences such as over-reporting and stigmatization. It is therefore imperative to perform empirical and evidence-based studies that evaluate the effects of available training and tools.

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