Back complaints in the elders - Chiropractic (BACE-C): Design of a cohort study in chiropractic care

Alan D. Jenks, Trynke Hoekstra, Iben Axén, Katie de Luca, Jonathan Field, Dave Newell, Jan Hartvigsen, Simon D. French, Bart Koes, Maurits W. van Tulder, Sidney M. Rubinstein

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Background: Low back pain is a common condition among older adults that significantly influences physical function and participation. Compared to their younger counterparts, there is limited information available about the clinical course of low back pain in older people, in particularly those presenting for chiropractic care. Improving our understanding of this patient population and the course of their low back pain may provide input for studies researching safer and more effective care than is currently provided. Objectives: The primary objectives are to examine the clinical course over one year of the intensity, healthcare costs and improvement rates of low back pain in people 55 years and older who visit a chiropractor for a new episode of low back pain. Methods: An international prospective, multi-center cohort study with one-year follow-up. Chiropractic practices are to be recruited in the Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom and Australia. Treatment will be left to the discretion of the chiropractor. Inclusion/Exclusion criteria: Patients 55 years and older who are accepted for care having presented to a chiropractor with a new episode of low back pain and who have not been to a chiropractor in the previous six months for an episode of low back pain are to be included, independent of whether or not they have seen another type of health care provider. Patients who are unable to complete the web-based questionnaires because of language restrictions or those with computer literacy restrictions will be excluded as well as those with cognitive disorders. In addition, those with a suspected tumor, fracture, infection or any other potential red flag or condition considered to be a contraindication for chiropractic care will be excluded. Data will be collected using online questionnaires at baseline, and at 2 and 6 weeks and at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months.
Original languageEnglish
Article number19006569
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2019


  • Aged
  • Ageing
  • Chiropractic
  • Chronic pain
  • Elderly
  • Epidemiology
  • Low back pain
  • Spinal manipulation


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