Within a public good dilemma people have a tendency to follow the behavior of a single uncooperative individual (i.e., a bad apple) rather than the behavior of a single cooperative individual. The present research shows that this bad apple effect is stronger when a deviant individual is categorized as an ingroup member (i.e., when the bad apple is a black sheep) rather than an outgroup member. Furthermore, inconsistent with research on the black sheep effect, a deviant individual was evaluated more extreme when he or she was categorized as an outgroup member rather than an ingroup member. In addition, the present research demonstrates that the bad apple effect can be attenuated when there is a threat to be ostracized. That is, consistent with a functional perspective on ostracism, the possibility to be excluded from the group reduced the tendency to follow the behavior of a non-cooperative individual.
|Publication status||Published - 20 Jul 2005|
|Event||14th General Meeting of the European Association for Experimental Social Psychology - Würzberg, Germany|
Duration: 19 Jul 2005 → 23 Jul 2005
|Conference||14th General Meeting of the European Association for Experimental Social Psychology|
|Period||19/07/05 → 23/07/05|