To avoid falls during everyday movements, we need to maintain balance, i.e., control the position of our body's center of mass relative to our base of support. The balance control system comprises sensory subsystems, their afferent nerves, an extensive brain network, and the motor system. Physiological aging of each of these subsystems may limit our ability to control balance in standing and walking. Methods based on questionnaires, functional tests of posture and movement, and advanced methods that quantify the ability to control or regain balance or the performance of specific subsystems of the balance control system are available to test balance control in older adults.
|Title of host publication||Locomotion and Posture in Older Adults: The Role of Aging and Movement Disorders|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing Switzerland|
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Feb 2017|
- Vestibular system
- Visual system