Balance control in older adults

Jaap H. Van Dieën*, Mirjam Pijnappels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To avoid falls during everyday movements, we need to maintain balance, i.e., control the position of our body's center of mass relative to our base of support. The balance control system comprises sensory subsystems, their afferent nerves, an extensive brain network, and the motor system. Physiological aging of each of these subsystems may limit our ability to control balance in standing and walking. Methods based on questionnaires, functional tests of posture and movement, and advanced methods that quantify the ability to control or regain balance or the performance of specific subsystems of the balance control system are available to test balance control in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLocomotion and Posture in Older Adults: The Role of Aging and Movement Disorders
PublisherSpringer International Publishing Switzerland
Pages237-262
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9783319489803
ISBN (Print)9783319489797
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2017

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Keywords

  • Aging
  • Brain
  • Falls
  • Gait
  • Muscle
  • Posture
  • Proprioception
  • Standing
  • Vestibular system
  • Visual system

Cite this

Van Dieën, J. H., & Pijnappels, M. (2017). Balance control in older adults. In Locomotion and Posture in Older Adults: The Role of Aging and Movement Disorders (pp. 237-262). Springer International Publishing Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48980-3_16