Barriers to and facilitators of employment for people with psychiatric disabilities in Africa: a scoping review

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of inclusive employment, described in Goal 8 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa is lower than among the general population.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this scoping review is to explore evidence related to the barriers to and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa.

METHODS: A literature search was conducted using six relevant electronic databases of articles published between 1990 and 2017.

RESULTS: Eight studies were identified and analysed regarding barriers and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities. The dynamic adaptation of the bio-psycho-social model was used as an analytical framework. Identified barriers include ill health, (anticipated) psychiatric illness, social stigma and discrimination, negative attitudes among employers and the lack of social support and government welfare. Facilitators of employment include stability of mental illness, heightened self-esteem, a personal decision to work despite stigma, competitive and supported employment, reduction in social barriers/stigma and workplace accommodations.

CONCLUSION: Employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities is essential, yet there is dearth of scientific evidence to identify contextual models that might be useful in African countries and other low-and middle countries (LMICs). This gap in information would benefit from further research to improve the employment rates of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1463658
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalGlobal Health Action
Volume11
Issue number1
Early online date15 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2018

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Disabled Persons
Psychiatry
Social Stigma
Social Discrimination
Supported Employment
Conservation of Natural Resources
Self Concept
Workplace
Social Support
Databases
Health
Research
Population

Keywords

  • low- and middle-income countries
  • personal decision
  • Psychiatric disability
  • social stigma
  • supported employment

Cite this

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title = "Barriers to and facilitators of employment for people with psychiatric disabilities in Africa: a scoping review",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of inclusive employment, described in Goal 8 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa is lower than among the general population.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this scoping review is to explore evidence related to the barriers to and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa.METHODS: A literature search was conducted using six relevant electronic databases of articles published between 1990 and 2017.RESULTS: Eight studies were identified and analysed regarding barriers and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities. The dynamic adaptation of the bio-psycho-social model was used as an analytical framework. Identified barriers include ill health, (anticipated) psychiatric illness, social stigma and discrimination, negative attitudes among employers and the lack of social support and government welfare. Facilitators of employment include stability of mental illness, heightened self-esteem, a personal decision to work despite stigma, competitive and supported employment, reduction in social barriers/stigma and workplace accommodations.CONCLUSION: Employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities is essential, yet there is dearth of scientific evidence to identify contextual models that might be useful in African countries and other low-and middle countries (LMICs). This gap in information would benefit from further research to improve the employment rates of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa.",
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Barriers to and facilitators of employment for people with psychiatric disabilities in Africa : a scoping review. / Ebuenyi, I. D.; Syurina, E. V.; Bunders, J. F.G.; Regeer, B. J.

In: Global Health Action, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1463658, 15.05.2018, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Barriers to and facilitators of employment for people with psychiatric disabilities in Africa

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