Behind the wheel: What drives the effects of error handling?

N.G. Dimitrova, Edwin Van Hooft, C. van Dyck, P. Groenewegen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

increasing the positive and decreasing the negative consequences of errors)
to error prevention (a strategy focusing on working faultlessly), has identified
error management as beneficial for multiple outcomes. Yet, due to
various methodological limitations, it is unclear whether the effects previously
found are due to error prevention, error management, or both. We
examine this in an experimental study with a 2 (error prevention: yes vs. no)
× 2 (error management: yes vs. no) factorial design. Error prevention had
negative effects on cognition and adaptive transfer performance. Error
management alleviated worry and boosted one’s perceived self-efficacy.
Overall, the results show that error prevention and error management
have unique outcomes on negative affect, self-efficacy, cognition, and
performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-672
JournalThe Journal of Social Psychology
Volume157
Issue number6
Early online date14 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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title = "Behind the wheel: What drives the effects of error handling?",
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Behind the wheel: What drives the effects of error handling? / Dimitrova, N.G.; Van Hooft, Edwin; van Dyck, C.; Groenewegen, P.

In: The Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 157, No. 6, 2017, p. 658-672.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Dimitrova, N.G.

AU - Van Hooft, Edwin

AU - van Dyck, C.

AU - Groenewegen, P.

PY - 2017

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AB - increasing the positive and decreasing the negative consequences of errors)to error prevention (a strategy focusing on working faultlessly), has identifiederror management as beneficial for multiple outcomes. Yet, due tovarious methodological limitations, it is unclear whether the effects previouslyfound are due to error prevention, error management, or both. Weexamine this in an experimental study with a 2 (error prevention: yes vs. no)× 2 (error management: yes vs. no) factorial design. Error prevention hadnegative effects on cognition and adaptive transfer performance. Errormanagement alleviated worry and boosted one’s perceived self-efficacy.Overall, the results show that error prevention and error managementhave unique outcomes on negative affect, self-efficacy, cognition, andperformance.

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