Behind the wheel: What drives the effects of error handling?

N.G. Dimitrova, Edwin Van Hooft, C. van Dyck, P. Groenewegen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


increasing the positive and decreasing the negative consequences of errors)
to error prevention (a strategy focusing on working faultlessly), has identified
error management as beneficial for multiple outcomes. Yet, due to
various methodological limitations, it is unclear whether the effects previously
found are due to error prevention, error management, or both. We
examine this in an experimental study with a 2 (error prevention: yes vs. no)
× 2 (error management: yes vs. no) factorial design. Error prevention had
negative effects on cognition and adaptive transfer performance. Error
management alleviated worry and boosted one’s perceived self-efficacy.
Overall, the results show that error prevention and error management
have unique outcomes on negative affect, self-efficacy, cognition, and
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-672
Number of pages15
JournalThe Journal of Social Psychology
Issue number6
Early online date14 Dec 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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