Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy: Towards a more nuanced analysis of changes in built-up land

J. van Vliet, P.H. Verburg, Simona Grădinaru, Anna M. Hersperger

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Urban land and rural land are typically represented as homogenous and mutually exclusive classes in land change analyses. As a result, differences in urban land use intensity, as well as mosaic landscapes combining urban and rural land uses are not represented. In this study we explore the distribution of urban land and urban land use intensity in Europe and the changes therein. Specifically, we analyze the distribution of built-up land within pixels of 1 km2. At that resolution we find that most built-up land is distributed over predominantly non-built-up pixels. Consistently, we find that most urban land use changes between 2000 and 2014 come in small incremental changes, rather than sudden large-scale conversions from rural to urban land. Using urban population densities, we find that urban land use intensity varies strongly across 1 km2 pixels in Europe, as illustrated by a coefficient of variation of 85%. We found a similarly high variation between urban population densities for most individual countries and within areas with the same share of built-up land. Population changes have led to different combinations of urban land expansion and urban intensity changes in different study periods (1975–1990, 1990–2000, and 2000–2015) and countries. These findings suggest that land use change models could be improved by more nuanced representations of urban land, including mosaic classes and different urban land use intensities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalComputers, Environment and Urban Systems
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

land use
pixel
urban population
population density
land use change
analysis
land
rural landscape
mosaic
distribution
Europe

Cite this

@article{1601d75ecfa3425a9842bf718ff64674,
title = "Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy: Towards a more nuanced analysis of changes in built-up land",
abstract = "Urban land and rural land are typically represented as homogenous and mutually exclusive classes in land change analyses. As a result, differences in urban land use intensity, as well as mosaic landscapes combining urban and rural land uses are not represented. In this study we explore the distribution of urban land and urban land use intensity in Europe and the changes therein. Specifically, we analyze the distribution of built-up land within pixels of 1 km2. At that resolution we find that most built-up land is distributed over predominantly non-built-up pixels. Consistently, we find that most urban land use changes between 2000 and 2014 come in small incremental changes, rather than sudden large-scale conversions from rural to urban land. Using urban population densities, we find that urban land use intensity varies strongly across 1 km2 pixels in Europe, as illustrated by a coefficient of variation of 85{\%}. We found a similarly high variation between urban population densities for most individual countries and within areas with the same share of built-up land. Population changes have led to different combinations of urban land expansion and urban intensity changes in different study periods (1975–1990, 1990–2000, and 2000–2015) and countries. These findings suggest that land use change models could be improved by more nuanced representations of urban land, including mosaic classes and different urban land use intensities.",
author = "{van Vliet}, J. and P.H. Verburg and Simona Grădinaru and Hersperger, {Anna M.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2018.12.002",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
journal = "Computers, Environment and Urban Systems",
issn = "0198-9715",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy: Towards a more nuanced analysis of changes in built-up land. / van Vliet, J.; Verburg, P.H.; Grădinaru, Simona; Hersperger, Anna M.

In: Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, Vol. 74, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy: Towards a more nuanced analysis of changes in built-up land

AU - van Vliet, J.

AU - Verburg, P.H.

AU - Grădinaru, Simona

AU - Hersperger, Anna M.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Urban land and rural land are typically represented as homogenous and mutually exclusive classes in land change analyses. As a result, differences in urban land use intensity, as well as mosaic landscapes combining urban and rural land uses are not represented. In this study we explore the distribution of urban land and urban land use intensity in Europe and the changes therein. Specifically, we analyze the distribution of built-up land within pixels of 1 km2. At that resolution we find that most built-up land is distributed over predominantly non-built-up pixels. Consistently, we find that most urban land use changes between 2000 and 2014 come in small incremental changes, rather than sudden large-scale conversions from rural to urban land. Using urban population densities, we find that urban land use intensity varies strongly across 1 km2 pixels in Europe, as illustrated by a coefficient of variation of 85%. We found a similarly high variation between urban population densities for most individual countries and within areas with the same share of built-up land. Population changes have led to different combinations of urban land expansion and urban intensity changes in different study periods (1975–1990, 1990–2000, and 2000–2015) and countries. These findings suggest that land use change models could be improved by more nuanced representations of urban land, including mosaic classes and different urban land use intensities.

AB - Urban land and rural land are typically represented as homogenous and mutually exclusive classes in land change analyses. As a result, differences in urban land use intensity, as well as mosaic landscapes combining urban and rural land uses are not represented. In this study we explore the distribution of urban land and urban land use intensity in Europe and the changes therein. Specifically, we analyze the distribution of built-up land within pixels of 1 km2. At that resolution we find that most built-up land is distributed over predominantly non-built-up pixels. Consistently, we find that most urban land use changes between 2000 and 2014 come in small incremental changes, rather than sudden large-scale conversions from rural to urban land. Using urban population densities, we find that urban land use intensity varies strongly across 1 km2 pixels in Europe, as illustrated by a coefficient of variation of 85%. We found a similarly high variation between urban population densities for most individual countries and within areas with the same share of built-up land. Population changes have led to different combinations of urban land expansion and urban intensity changes in different study periods (1975–1990, 1990–2000, and 2000–2015) and countries. These findings suggest that land use change models could be improved by more nuanced representations of urban land, including mosaic classes and different urban land use intensities.

U2 - 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2018.12.002

DO - 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2018.12.002

M3 - Article

VL - 74

JO - Computers, Environment and Urban Systems

JF - Computers, Environment and Urban Systems

SN - 0198-9715

ER -