Bioaccumulation and Toxicity of Organic Chemicals in Terrestrial Invertebrates

M. Nazaret González-Alcaraz, Catarina Malheiro, Diogo N. Cardoso, Marija Prodana, Rui G. Morgado, Cornelis A.M. van Gestel, Susana Loureiro*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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Terrestrial invertebrates are key components in ecosystems, with crucial roles in soil structure, functioning, and ecosystem services. The present chapter covers how terrestrial invertebrates are impacted by organic chemicals, focusing on up-to-date information regarding bioavailability, exposure routes and general concepts on bioaccumulation, toxicity, and existing models. Terrestrial invertebrates are exposed to organic chemicals through different routes, which are dependent on both the organismal traits and nature of exposure, including chemical properties and media characteristics. Bioaccumulation and toxicity data for several groups of organic chemicals are presented and discussed, attempting to cover plant protection products (herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and molluscicides), veterinary and human pharmaceuticals, polycyclic aromatic compounds, polychlorinated biphenyls, flame retardants, and personal care products. Chemical mixtures are also discussed bearing in mind that chemicals appear simultaneously in the environment. The biomagnification of organic chemicals is considered in light of the consumption of terrestrial invertebrates as novel feed and food sources. This chapter highlights how science has contributed with data from the last 5 years, providing evidence on bioavailability, bioaccumulation, and toxicity derived from exposure to organic chemicals, including insights into the main challenges and shortcomings to extrapolate results to real exposure scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioavailability of Organic Chemicals in Soil and Sediment
EditorsJose Julio Ortega-Calvo, John Robert Parsons
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages41
ISBN (Electronic)9783030579197
ISBN (Print)9783030579180
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameHandbook of Environmental Chemistry
ISSN (Print)1867-979X


  • Beneficial arthropods
  • Bioavailability
  • Biological traits
  • Conceptual models
  • Earthworms
  • Edible insects
  • Exposure routes
  • Pollinators


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