Blockchain-based platforms: Decentralized infrastructures and its boundary conditions

Joana Pereira, M. Mahdi Tavalaei, Hakan Ozalp

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Blockchain technology has been receiving much public attention recently, promising to disintermediate transactions through decentralized governance and distributed data-infrastructures. However, the majority of the previous studies have focused on the technical aspects, and overlooked blockchain investigation from a managerial perspective. In this paper, based on platform-ecosystem, transaction cost economics, and open-source literature, we contrast and compare blockchain-based platforms and centralized platforms; in other words, decentralized versus centralized governance modes. We base our conceptual analysis on three dimensions—transaction cost, cost of technology, and community involvement—, exploring the conditions under which blockchain-based platforms are more advantageous than centralized platforms. We first compare gains from lower opportunism and uncertainty costs thanks to protocols and smart contracts in blockchain technology versus the costs of higher coordination and complexity of (re)writing those contracts. Second, we compare the gains from immutability and transparency in blockchain-based platforms versus the technological costs of verification and storage of a distributed ledger. Finally, we compare intrinsic and extrinsic motivations of the communities around centralized and blockchain-based platforms in the short and medium term.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-102
Number of pages9
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Volume146
Early online date4 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Boundary conditions
Costs and Cost Analysis
Costs
Contracts
High-Cost Technology
Technology
Uncertainty
Ecosystem
Transparency
Ecosystems
Economics
Network protocols
Open source
Transaction cost economics
Governance mode
Cost uncertainty
Intrinsic motivation
Governance
Extrinsic motivation
Community involvement

Keywords

  • Blockchain technology
  • Decentralized governance
  • Platform ecosystems
  • Smart contracts
  • Transaction cost economics

Cite this

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Blockchain-based platforms : Decentralized infrastructures and its boundary conditions. / Pereira, Joana; Tavalaei, M. Mahdi; Ozalp, Hakan.

In: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 146, 09.2019, p. 94-102.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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