Bridging self and sociality: Identity construction and social context

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Abstract

‘Identity’, Berger and Luckmann (1991: 195) maintained, ‘remains unintelligible unless it is located in a world.’ In order to ‘locate’ identity, this chapter provides, first, a theoretical underpinning for an essentially social understanding of identity construction by conceptualizing identities as arising at the intersection of, and in the interaction between, people’s personal lifeworlds and environing social worlds. Second, it discusses the implications of such a view, summarizing the principles underpinning a social constructivist perspective in terms of five p’s: identity as positioning, performance, (co)production, process and (an act or effect of) power. Third, it locates identity construction in four different worlds or social circuits where we might observe the interaction between self and sociality ‘in action’: (1) inner conversations (self-directed positioning), (2) self-other definitions (relational positioning), (3) situated interactions (reciprocal positioning), and (4) institutional dynamics (subject positioning). By sketching what to look for (the five p’s) and where to look (the four circuits), this chapter assists scholars in deploying identity as an analytical bridge between agency and structure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxford handbook of identities in organizations
EditorsAndrew Brown
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherThe Oxford University Press
Chapter3
Pages51-67
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780191866029, 9780192561954
ISBN (Print)9780198827115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Publication series

NameOxford Handbooks

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