Bringing ecology into toxicology: Life-cycle toxicity of two neonicotinoids to four different species of springtails in LUFA 2.2 natural soil

Cláudia de Lima e Silva*, Claire van Haren, Giulia Mainardi, Winona de Rooij, Michella Ligtelijn, Nico M. van Straalen, Cornelis A.M. van Gestel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Collembolans comprise one of the most abundant groups of soil invertebrates within the arthropods. The parthenogenetic species Folsomia candida (Willem, 1902) is the most well-studied representative, being used since the beginning of the 1960s as a model organism for assessing toxicity of chemicals in soil. In this paper we aimed at answering three questions by exposing four different species of springtails (F. candida, Folsomia fimetaria, Sinella curviseta and Heteromurus nitidus) to the neonicotinoids imidacloprid and thiacloprid: i) How representative as a model organism is F. candida for species of springtails that reproduce sexually? (ii) How suitable are other species of springtails to be used as model organisms for ecotoxicological testing? (iii) Is it possible to use the life history of these species to extrapolate the impact of neonicotinoids on the population level? Our results showed that F. candida is a good model organism, despite being the most sensitive species tested, when analysing both endpoints – survival and reproduction. The tests performed with S. curviseta and H. nitidus showed that they could be used as surrogates in ecotoxicity tests, and also to predict how their population might be affected after being exposed to chemicals. The adjustments made to the test performed with F. candida: introducing adults (20–22 days old) into the test jars and exposing them for 21 days instead of 28 days, proved to be as efficient as the standardized test guideline (OECD 232, 2009).

Original languageEnglish
Article number128245
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalChemosphere
Volume263
Early online date4 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Collembola
  • Population
  • Sexual reproducing species
  • Soil invertebrates
  • Test design

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