The last decade produced a revival in comparative penal research, most of which focuses on explaining aggregate-level changes in imprisonment rates. In this paper, we highlight the absence of women in this research and we shift the focus from aggregate imprisonment rates to women's prison experiences, arguing that these experiences are the best indicators of the post-modern penal era. Using both survey and interview data, we examine women's perceptions of control over their carceral lives in California, England, and the Netherlands. We find similar prison experiences explain perceptions of control across all three regimes, but regime differences ultimately produce very different outcomes for these women. © 2013 Copyright Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.