Building a sustainable start: The role of career competencies, career success, and career shocks in young professionals' employability

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Abstract

Despite the established view that investing in developing one’s career competencies would lead to career success and employability, little is known about the role of career shocks (i.e., positive and negative unexpected career-related events) in this relationship. To examine the role of career shocks in the relationship between career competencies, career success and employability, we analyzed data from 704 Dutch young professionals (21-35 years). Results showed that young professionals who have developed high levels of career competencies reported higher levels of perceived employability. The relationship between career competencies and perceived employability was partially mediated by subjective career success (i.e., career satisfaction). Negative career shocks undermined the mediated relationship between career competencies and perceived employability, via early career success, whereas positive career shocks strengthened this relationship. This study contributes to the literature on employability by demonstrating that career shocks play an important role in young professionals’ early career development in tandem with career competencies and career success.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-184
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume112
Early online date27 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Young professionals
  • career competencies
  • career construction theory
  • career shocks
  • career success
  • perceived employability

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