Building Networks for Science: Conflict and Cooperation in Nineteenth-Century Global Marine Studies

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In the nineteenth-century globalizing world of colonial expansion and maritime trade, systematic study of ocean currents and winds became of increased concern in various seafaring nations. Both naval officers and university professors engaged in maritime meteorological and hydrographic research. In order to attract the attention of the state and obtain support for establishment of national scientific institutes, university professors teamed up with naval officers in building networks for maritime data collection, thus connecting practical utility to academic credentials. This paper looks into the combined efforts of the U.S. Navy lieutenant M. F. Maury and the Dutch naval officer M. H. Jansen in organizing the 1853 International Maritime Conference in Brussels, which aimed to develop a worldwide system of uniform atmospheric and marine observations. Such efforts, however, amounted to walking a tightrope between mutual interests and personal rivalries. The alliance between elite scientists and naval officers proved to be only temporary. Once the meteorological institutes were established, academically trained meteorologists gradually marginalized the role of naval officers in scientific research at the institutes, thereby establishing and securing their authority in maritime science.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-282
JournalIsis. Current bibliography of the history of science and its cultural influences
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

maritime trade
walking
nineteenth century
ocean current
co-operation
scientific research
conflict
science
Naval

Bibliographical note

PT: J; NR: 97; TC: 0; J9: ISIS; PG: 26; GA: CL2TF; UT: WOS:000356797100003

Cite this

@article{8888da2e6a994b5da2308cf286a3c4a5,
title = "Building Networks for Science: Conflict and Cooperation in Nineteenth-Century Global Marine Studies",
abstract = "In the nineteenth-century globalizing world of colonial expansion and maritime trade, systematic study of ocean currents and winds became of increased concern in various seafaring nations. Both naval officers and university professors engaged in maritime meteorological and hydrographic research. In order to attract the attention of the state and obtain support for establishment of national scientific institutes, university professors teamed up with naval officers in building networks for maritime data collection, thus connecting practical utility to academic credentials. This paper looks into the combined efforts of the U.S. Navy lieutenant M. F. Maury and the Dutch naval officer M. H. Jansen in organizing the 1853 International Maritime Conference in Brussels, which aimed to develop a worldwide system of uniform atmospheric and marine observations. Such efforts, however, amounted to walking a tightrope between mutual interests and personal rivalries. The alliance between elite scientists and naval officers proved to be only temporary. Once the meteorological institutes were established, academically trained meteorologists gradually marginalized the role of naval officers in scientific research at the institutes, thereby establishing and securing their authority in maritime science.",
author = "A. Achbari",
note = "PT: J; NR: 97; TC: 0; J9: ISIS; PG: 26; GA: CL2TF; UT: WOS:000356797100003",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1086/682020",
language = "English",
volume = "106",
pages = "257--282",
journal = "Isis",
issn = "0021-1753",
publisher = "University of Chicago Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Building Networks for Science: Conflict and Cooperation in Nineteenth-Century Global Marine Studies

AU - Achbari, A.

N1 - PT: J; NR: 97; TC: 0; J9: ISIS; PG: 26; GA: CL2TF; UT: WOS:000356797100003

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In the nineteenth-century globalizing world of colonial expansion and maritime trade, systematic study of ocean currents and winds became of increased concern in various seafaring nations. Both naval officers and university professors engaged in maritime meteorological and hydrographic research. In order to attract the attention of the state and obtain support for establishment of national scientific institutes, university professors teamed up with naval officers in building networks for maritime data collection, thus connecting practical utility to academic credentials. This paper looks into the combined efforts of the U.S. Navy lieutenant M. F. Maury and the Dutch naval officer M. H. Jansen in organizing the 1853 International Maritime Conference in Brussels, which aimed to develop a worldwide system of uniform atmospheric and marine observations. Such efforts, however, amounted to walking a tightrope between mutual interests and personal rivalries. The alliance between elite scientists and naval officers proved to be only temporary. Once the meteorological institutes were established, academically trained meteorologists gradually marginalized the role of naval officers in scientific research at the institutes, thereby establishing and securing their authority in maritime science.

AB - In the nineteenth-century globalizing world of colonial expansion and maritime trade, systematic study of ocean currents and winds became of increased concern in various seafaring nations. Both naval officers and university professors engaged in maritime meteorological and hydrographic research. In order to attract the attention of the state and obtain support for establishment of national scientific institutes, university professors teamed up with naval officers in building networks for maritime data collection, thus connecting practical utility to academic credentials. This paper looks into the combined efforts of the U.S. Navy lieutenant M. F. Maury and the Dutch naval officer M. H. Jansen in organizing the 1853 International Maritime Conference in Brussels, which aimed to develop a worldwide system of uniform atmospheric and marine observations. Such efforts, however, amounted to walking a tightrope between mutual interests and personal rivalries. The alliance between elite scientists and naval officers proved to be only temporary. Once the meteorological institutes were established, academically trained meteorologists gradually marginalized the role of naval officers in scientific research at the institutes, thereby establishing and securing their authority in maritime science.

U2 - 10.1086/682020

DO - 10.1086/682020

M3 - Article

VL - 106

SP - 257

EP - 282

JO - Isis

JF - Isis

SN - 0021-1753

IS - 2

ER -