Child-caregiver attachment, self-evaluation and cognitive development in a group of pre-school children

P.S. Sterkenburg, Esme van Rensburg, M. van Deventer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Primary attachment relationships have an enormous influence on later cognitive development, socio-emotional development and psychological health. Up to date, no research explored the correlations between the quality of the child-caregiver attachment relationship (AQ), self-evaluation (SE), and cognitive development (CD) of five-year-old pre-school children. In accordance, the aim of this study was to explore the correlation between these three variables. Ten Afrikaans speaking mother-child dyads from white, two parent, first marriage families participated. Participants were assessed with the Pictorial Self-Evaluation Scale (PSES), The Observed Attachment
Behavior Q-set (AQS), and The Griffiths Mental Development Scales; Extended Revised (GMDS-ER) in a single study in a South African context. Results indicate that a positive, medium to high practical significant correlations do exist between the reliabilities. However, because of the small number of infants tested, it was difficult in this initial sample to draw firm conclusions about the statistical significance of the results. Nonetheless the results obtained in this pilot study are very encouraging and holds great value for further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbera93
Pages (from-to)202-227
Number of pages26
JournalSouth African Journal of Childhood Education
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2011


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