Climate change and economic consequences for inland waterway transport in Europe

O. Jonkeren, P. Rietveld, J.N. van Ommeren, A. Linde

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Future climate conditions are likely to affect inland waterway transport in Europe. According to some climate scenarios, in summer, in the river Rhine, periods with low water levels are likely to occur more often and become more serious. Then inland waterway transport carriers will experience more severe restrictions on the load factor of their inland ships, which implies a stronger reduction in transport capacity in the market. Transport prices will rise under such conditions. Some studies reviewed in this paper find that at extremely low water levels, the price per tonne for inland waterway transport in the river Rhine area will almost double. These increased transport prices result in welfare losses. For the dry summer in 2003, the losses for North West Europe are estimated to sum up to around €480 million. Increased transport prices trigger adaptation. Inland waterway carriers may use smaller vessels, and shippers have the opportunity to shift from inland waterway transport to alternative transport modes in periods with low water levels. This effect is probably rather modest, however, with a modal shift to road and rail smaller than 10 %. Also, changes in transport costs may lead to relocation of certain economic activities in the long run. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)953-965
JournalRegional Environmental Change
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

climate change
water level
economics
summer
relocation
climate conditions
river
economic activity
vessel
road
market
inland waterways transport
price
Europe
climate
loss
waterway
effect
ship
transport cost

Bibliographical note

PT: J; NR: 37; TC: 4; J9: REG ENVIRON CHANGE; SI: SI; PG: 13; GA: AH3OX; UT: WOS:000336035100009

Cite this

@article{2127cdbe09a24668aa3085566dadc8eb,
title = "Climate change and economic consequences for inland waterway transport in Europe",
abstract = "Future climate conditions are likely to affect inland waterway transport in Europe. According to some climate scenarios, in summer, in the river Rhine, periods with low water levels are likely to occur more often and become more serious. Then inland waterway transport carriers will experience more severe restrictions on the load factor of their inland ships, which implies a stronger reduction in transport capacity in the market. Transport prices will rise under such conditions. Some studies reviewed in this paper find that at extremely low water levels, the price per tonne for inland waterway transport in the river Rhine area will almost double. These increased transport prices result in welfare losses. For the dry summer in 2003, the losses for North West Europe are estimated to sum up to around €480 million. Increased transport prices trigger adaptation. Inland waterway carriers may use smaller vessels, and shippers have the opportunity to shift from inland waterway transport to alternative transport modes in periods with low water levels. This effect is probably rather modest, however, with a modal shift to road and rail smaller than 10 {\%}. Also, changes in transport costs may lead to relocation of certain economic activities in the long run. {\circledC} 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.",
author = "O. Jonkeren and P. Rietveld and {van Ommeren}, J.N. and A. Linde",
note = "PT: J; NR: 37; TC: 4; J9: REG ENVIRON CHANGE; SI: SI; PG: 13; GA: AH3OX; UT: WOS:000336035100009",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s10113-013-0441-7",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "953--965",
journal = "Regional Environmental Change",
issn = "1436-3798",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

Climate change and economic consequences for inland waterway transport in Europe. / Jonkeren, O.; Rietveld, P.; van Ommeren, J.N.; Linde, A.

In: Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2014, p. 953-965.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Climate change and economic consequences for inland waterway transport in Europe

AU - Jonkeren, O.

AU - Rietveld, P.

AU - van Ommeren, J.N.

AU - Linde, A.

N1 - PT: J; NR: 37; TC: 4; J9: REG ENVIRON CHANGE; SI: SI; PG: 13; GA: AH3OX; UT: WOS:000336035100009

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Future climate conditions are likely to affect inland waterway transport in Europe. According to some climate scenarios, in summer, in the river Rhine, periods with low water levels are likely to occur more often and become more serious. Then inland waterway transport carriers will experience more severe restrictions on the load factor of their inland ships, which implies a stronger reduction in transport capacity in the market. Transport prices will rise under such conditions. Some studies reviewed in this paper find that at extremely low water levels, the price per tonne for inland waterway transport in the river Rhine area will almost double. These increased transport prices result in welfare losses. For the dry summer in 2003, the losses for North West Europe are estimated to sum up to around €480 million. Increased transport prices trigger adaptation. Inland waterway carriers may use smaller vessels, and shippers have the opportunity to shift from inland waterway transport to alternative transport modes in periods with low water levels. This effect is probably rather modest, however, with a modal shift to road and rail smaller than 10 %. Also, changes in transport costs may lead to relocation of certain economic activities in the long run. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

AB - Future climate conditions are likely to affect inland waterway transport in Europe. According to some climate scenarios, in summer, in the river Rhine, periods with low water levels are likely to occur more often and become more serious. Then inland waterway transport carriers will experience more severe restrictions on the load factor of their inland ships, which implies a stronger reduction in transport capacity in the market. Transport prices will rise under such conditions. Some studies reviewed in this paper find that at extremely low water levels, the price per tonne for inland waterway transport in the river Rhine area will almost double. These increased transport prices result in welfare losses. For the dry summer in 2003, the losses for North West Europe are estimated to sum up to around €480 million. Increased transport prices trigger adaptation. Inland waterway carriers may use smaller vessels, and shippers have the opportunity to shift from inland waterway transport to alternative transport modes in periods with low water levels. This effect is probably rather modest, however, with a modal shift to road and rail smaller than 10 %. Also, changes in transport costs may lead to relocation of certain economic activities in the long run. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

U2 - 10.1007/s10113-013-0441-7

DO - 10.1007/s10113-013-0441-7

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 953

EP - 965

JO - Regional Environmental Change

JF - Regional Environmental Change

SN - 1436-3798

IS - 3

ER -