Patient and methods: We re-evaluated the pathological diagnosis of a subset of SGCs, diagnosed in 4 of 8 Dutch head and neck centers. Subsequently, tumors with a morphological resemblance to SC were tested for the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene using RT-PCR. Furthermore, patients prospectively diagnosed with SC were included. The clinical characteristics and outcomes were retrieved from the patient files.
Results: Thirty-one patients with ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene positive SC were included. The median age was 49 years, 17 patients (55%) were male. Eighteen tumors (58%) arose in the parotid gland. One patient presented with lymph node metastasis. All patients underwent tumor resection and 4 patients had a neck dissection. Four patients had re-resection and 15 patients (48%) received postoperative radiotherapy. One patient developed a local recurrence, no regional recurrences or distant metastases were observed. After a median follow-up of 49 months the 5- and 10-year overall survival were 95%, the 5- and 10-year disease free survival were 89%.
Conclusion: The clinical course of SC is favorable with a low rate of locoregional recurrence and excellent survival. Given the low incidence of nodal metastases, elective neck treatment, i.e. surgery and/or radiotherapy, does not seem to be indicated.
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2018|