(Abstracted from JAMA Pediatr 2018;172(4):361–367) Despite apparent progress in perinatal care, children born extremely preterm or very preterm (EP/VP) remain at high risk of cognitive deficits, and long-term morbidity rates have not decreased. Extremely preterm or very preterm birth (<32 weeks of gestation) is associated with higher risks of motor, learning, and behavior problems and, particularly, cognitive impairment.
Twilhaar, E. S., Wade, R. M., De Kieviet, J. F., Van Goudoever, J. B., Van Elburg, R. M., & Oosterlaan, J. (2018). Cognitive Outcomes of Children Born Extremely or Very Preterm since the 1990s and Associated Risk Factors: A Meta-analysis and Meta-regression. Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey, 73(10), 562-563. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ogx.0000547169.91377.70