We show that the problems of minimizing total completion time and of minimizing the number of late jobs on unrelated parallel machines, when preemption is allowed, are both NP-hard in the strong sense. The former result settles a long-standing open question and is remarkable since the non-preemptive version is known to be solvable in polynomial time. A special case of the unrelated machine model is the identical machine model with the restriction that a job can only be processed on a specific subset of the machines. We show that in this model the problem of minimizing total completion time, when preemption is allowed, can be solved in polynomial time by proving that the use of preemption is redundant.
- Total completion time