Compositional Variations in the Vicinity of the Lunar Crust-Mantle Interface From Moon Mineralogy Mapper Data

M. Martinot*, J. Flahaut, S. Besse, C. Quantin-Nataf, W. van Westrenen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Moon Mineralogy Mapper spectroscopic data were used to investigate the mineralogy of a selection of impact craters' central peaks or peak rings, in order to characterize the lunar crust-mantle interface, and assess its lateral and vertical heterogeneity. The depth of origin of the craters' central peaks or peak rings was calculated using empirical equations, and compared to Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory crustal thickness models to select craters tapping within +10/−20 km of the crust-mantle interface. Our results show that plagioclase is widely detected, including in craters allegedly sampling lower crustal to mantle material, except in central peaks where Low-Calcium Pyroxene was detected. Olivine detections are scarce, and identified in material assumed to be derived from both above and below the crust-mantle interface. Mineralogical detections in central peaks show that there is an evolution of the pyroxene composition with depth, that may correspond to the transition from the crust to the mantle. The correlation between High-Calcium Pyroxene and some pyroxene-dominated mixture spectra with the location of maria and cryptomaria hints at the existence of lateral heterogeneities as deep as the crust-mantle interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3220-3237
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Issue number12
Early online date3 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


  • central peak
  • crust-mantle interface
  • mineralogy
  • peak ring
  • proximity value
  • spectroscopy


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