This systematic review aimed to provide medical professionals with insight into beneficial and harmful effects of consultation recording for patients aged 50 years and over. This insight could enable medical professionals to decide on whether or not to promote consultation recording in their practice. The systematic literature search was performed in six databases; additional relevant articles were sought using the snowball method. Studies were included that investigated the value of consultation recording for patients aged 50 years and over. The selected studies were analyzed on affective cognitive outcomes, behavioral outcomes, and health outcomes. Twenty-five studies of both qualitative and quantitative design were included. Consultation recordings mainly improved patient satisfaction, recall, fulfillment of information needs, and decision-making. Both positive and negative effects were reported on anxiety. The recordings did not distinctly affect functional outcomes or quality of life. In conclusion, consultation recording positively influenced patients’ affective cognitive and behavioral outcomes, and the negative effects of consultation recording were minor. Because of the positive effects of consultation replay, we recommend that doctors promote consultation recording among their patients of 50 years and over. However, more studies are necessary among older patients because this patient population is underrepresented in the current literature.