Contemporary insights from Biblical combat veterans through the lenses of moral injury and post-traumatic stress disorder

Jan Grimell

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This psychological exegesis reconsiders biblical characters through recent theories on moral injury and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purposes of this article are to shed new light on these characters and to engage in conversations of what the findings may mean for pastoral care and their connections to theology. The findings include the proposal of four categorical types of combat veterans that illustrate the development of PTSD, resilience, moral injury, and unfaltering abidance to the warrior ethics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-250
Number of pages10
JournalThe journal of pastoral care & counseling (JPCC)
Issue number4
Early online date8 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • combat veterans
  • moral injury
  • Pastoral care
  • PTSD

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