Content and design of integrity systems: Evaluating integrity systems in local government

Alain Hoekstra*, Leo Huberts, André van Montfort

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Public integrity is crucial, especially for local government organizations. Although research points out that a systematic integrity approach is to be preferred, only limited knowledge is available about what such an approach should entail. This article presents a framework that contains seven theory-based elements constituting a complete integrity system. This framework is used to assess the integrity systems in three large European cities, to detect shortcomings of these systems, and to provide recommendations for both administrative practise and future research. Based on the research findings the studied cities are, for instance, recommended: to improve their long-term awareness and support for organizational integrity; to work with a clearer definition of (and vision on) integrity (management); and to reflect more critical on their integrity system based on thorough policy analyzes and evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-149
Number of pages13
JournalPublic Integrity
Issue number2
Early online date20 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Published with license by Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


  • Integrity
  • integrity management
  • integrity systems
  • local government


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