Continuation of localized coherent structures in nonlocal neural field equations

James Rankin, Daniele Avitabile, Javier Baladron, Gregory Faye, David J B Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We study localized activity patterns in neural field equations posed on the Euclidean plane; such models are commonly used to describe the coarse-grained activity of large ensembles of cortical neurons in a spatially continuous way. We employ matrix-free Newton Krylov solvers and perform numerical continuation of localized patterns directly on the integral form of the equation. This opens up the possibility of studying systems whose synaptic kernel does not lead to an equivalent PDE formulation. We present a numerical bifurcation study of localized states and show that the proposed models support patterns of activity with varying spatial extent through the mechanism of homoclinic snaking. The regular organization of these patterns is due to spatial interactions at a specific scale associated with the separation of excitation peaks in the chosen connectivity function. The results presented form a basis for the general study of localized cortical activity with inputs and, more specifically, for the investigation of the localized spread of orientation selective activity that has been observed in the primary visual cortex with local visual input.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSIAM Journal on Scientific Computing
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bifurcation
  • Neural fields
  • Numerical continuation
  • Pattern formation
  • Snaking

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